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课程详述

COURSE SPECIFICATION

以下课程信息可能根据实际授课需要或在课程检讨之后产生变动。如对课程有任何疑问，请

联系授课教师。

The course information as follows may be subject to change, either during the session because of unforeseen

circumstances, or following review of the course at the end of the session. Queries about the course should be

directed to the course instructor.

1.

课程名称 Course Title

灾害风险分析导论 Introduction to Catastrophe Risk Modelling

2.

授课院系

Originating Department

地球与空间科学系 Department of Earth and Space Sciences

3.

课程编号

Course Code

ESS322

4.

课程学分 Credit Value

2

5.

课程类别

Course Type

专业选修课 Major Elective Courses

6.

授课学期

Semester

春季 Spring

7.

授课语言

Teaching Language

英文 English

8.

授课教师、所属学系、联系方

式（如属团队授课，请列明其

他授课教师）

Instructor(s), Affiliation&

Contact

（For team teaching, please list

allinstructors）

Arnaud MIGNAN，风险研究院&地球与空间科学系

邮箱：mignana@sustech.edu.cn

办公室：创园 6 栋 511-3

Prof. Arnaud MIGNAN, Institute of Risk Analysis, Prediction and Management,

Academy for Advanced interdisciplinary Studies; Department of Earth and Space

Sciences

Email: mignana@sustech.edu.cn

Office: 511-3, 5th floor, building 6, Innovation Park

9.

实验员/助教、所属学系、联系

方式

Tutor/TA(s), Contact

待公布 To be announced

10.

选课人数限额(可不填)

Maximum Enrolment

（Optional）

2

11.

授课方式

Delivery Method

讲授

Lectures

习题/辅导/讨论

Tutorials

实验/实习

Lab/Practical

其它(请具体注明)

Other（Please specify）

总学时

Total

学时数

Credit Hours

26

6

32

12.

先修课程、其它学习要求

Pre-requisites or Other

Academic Requirements

MA212 概率论与数理统计、CS102B 计算机程序设计基础 B

MA212 Probability and Statistics, CS102B Introduction to Computer Programming B

13.

后续课程、其它学习规划

Courses for which this course

is a pre-requisite

14.

其它要求修读本课程的学系

Cross-listing Dept.

教学大纲及教学日历 SYLLABUS

15.

教学目标 Course Objectives

本课程将介绍采用模型对巨灾风险进行预测和评估的基本原理和方法。内容涵盖各种类型的灾害，即讨论自然灾害

（例如地震、暴风、传染病），也包括人为灾害（例如工业事故、异常断电），学习如何从定性和定量的角度研究这些灾

害的特征，学习对灾害进行评估的技术。经过本课程的学习，学生将掌握风险建模的理论和实践，并熟悉统计分析和计算

常用的 R 编程语言。

This course will introduce the principles of catastrophe risk modelling. We will explore the rich universe of perils, both

natural (e.g. earthquakes, storms, epidemics) and man-made (e.g. industrial accidents, blackouts), study their

characteristics both qualitatively and quantitatively, and develop techniques for their assessment. We will get familiar

with the theoretical and practical aspects of risk modelling, as well as with R programming for statistical analysis and

computing.

16.

预达学习成果 Learning Outcomes

完成课程后，学生将掌握以下内容：

1.了解灾害的不同类型和规模及其对我们社会的潜在影响；

2.巨灾风险建模的基本知识，包括理论和实践方面；

3. R 统计编程的基础知识（概率分布，参数估计，模拟，绘图）；

4.基本物理概念的基本知识（能量，幂律，网络，公用事业等）；

5.贝叶斯推理方法的基础知识；

6.实践动手能力：批判性思维、实用主义、以目的为主的原则、第一性原理、团队合作精神。

Upon completing the course, students will master the following items:

1. Understanding of the different types & scales of hazards and their potential impact on our society;

2. Fundamental knowledge of catastrophe risk modelling including both theoretical and practical aspects;

3. Basic knowledge of R statistical programming (probability distributions, parameter estimation, simulations, plotting);

4. Basic knowledge of fundamental physical concepts (energy, power-law, network, utility, etc.);

5. Basic knowledge of Bayesian inference methods for forecasting;

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6. Hands-on knowledge: Critical thinking, pragmatism, top-down view, first physical principles, teamwork.

17.

课程内容及教学日历 （如授课语言以英文为主，则课程内容介绍可以用英文；如团队教学或模块教学，教学日历须注明

主讲人）

Course Contents (in Parts/Chapters/Sections/Weeks. Please notify name of instructor for course section(s), if

this is a team teaching or module course.)

Chapter 1: Overview of Catastrophe Risk (2 hours)

Week 1 (lecture 1): Concepts & terminology, such as 'disaster', 'hazard', 'risk', 'probability', 'uncertainty' and 'model';

History of catastrophe risk (myths, infamous disasters, scientific & engineering milestones); Types of perils, defined by

category, such as natural (extra-terrestrial, meteorological, geological, hydrological, biological) or anthropogenic

(accidental, malicious), defined by scale & frequency (low to high impact, common to very rare); Syllabus overview &

what the student is expected to learn throughout the course [assignment #1: Describe 5 perils not discussed in class &

classify them].

Chapter 2: Basics of Catastrophe Modelling (4 hours)

General framework describing hazard assessment (source definition, event frequency and severity) & risk assessment

(exposure, vulnerability, risk metrics); Application to various natural & anthropogenic hazards discussed in Chapter 1,

conceptualised and compared using first physical principles. Fundamental concepts to be addressed include energy

release, power-laws, and probability distributions, illustrated with basic R codes for an initiation to this programming

language.

Week 2 (lecture 2): Hazard part [assignment #2: Download R & run provided hazard code]; Week 3 (lecture 3): Risk part

[assignment #3: run provided full risk code, the template for the main student project].

Chapter 3: Probabilistic Seismic Risk Assessment (4 hours)

Detailed framework based on the concepts learned in Chapter 2 but with application to seismic risk assessment;

Concepts of probability distributions for hazard curve, vulnerability/fragility curves and loss curve definition. Calibration

methods to estimate hazard, vulnerability and risk from historical data; Engineering approach to seismic risk

quantification. A full R program will be studied in detail and proposed as template for the student-group project (transfer

to other risks, of their choice).

Week 4 (lecture 4): Hazard part [assignment #4: Modify input parameter values & compare resulting hazard curves];

Week 5 (lecture 5): Risk part [assignment #5: Compute damage ratio expected for different earthquake magnitudes].

Student project session A: Brainstorming & early-stage programming (2 hours)

Week 6 (interactive session): Interactive session during which the students formally decide which risk they want to

quantify (by groups); Feasibility analysis, data accessibility, transfer of knowledge from chapters 1-3. Start to draft their

model in a report and R code. Any peril may be considered for this project except earthquakes (i.e. provided template).

Chapter 4: Hazard Footprint Modelling for different Classes of Perils (4 hours)

Presentation of different approaches for the modelling of hazard footprints of different classes of perils, moving from the

diffusion processes mentioned in previous chapters to: Brownian motion (e.g. storm tracks), cellular automata to model

interface events (landslides, wildfires, tsunamis) and site-specific conditions (e.g. seismic wave), and networks to model

network-based events (epidemics, lifeline failures, such as blackouts).

Week 7 (lecture 6): Concepts of Brownian motion and cellular automata [assignment #6: Run the provided cellular

automaton code & plot the resulting footprint]; Week 8 (lecture 7): Concepts of network theory [assignment #7: Run the

provided network propagation code & plot the resulting footprint].

Student project session B: Consolidation of program & first results (2 hours)